Bichon Frise Breed - Dog & Puppy Information & Characteristics

If you are getting a dog home for the first time, the Bichon Frise is one of the best breeds for you. These dogs are great for anyone who wants a companion dog, as they are very friendly and affectionate toward their adoptive families. The Bichon Frise dog breed is considered to be ‘non-allergenic’ by many people, so they are also ideal for people with allergy problems. However, it is also advisable to spend some time with the Bichon Frise puppy before getting it home to ensure that it doesn’t trigger any symptoms. 

Bichon Frise dogs are well suited to living in an apartment and also fare quite well in moderate weather conditions. They cannot handle extreme cold or extremely hot climates. They get along really well with other dogs and kids. A small-sized attractive dog, the Bichon Frise quickly win the hearts of everyone they meet. They love life and people and with regular care, will reward their owners with years of love and devotion.

Key specifications of a Bichon Frise

The table below contains important information about this breed, such as a Bichon Frise’s lifespan, height, and other physical characteristics.

Weight 3 to 5 kg
Height 9 to 11 inches
Lifespan 12 to 15 years
Coat Double coat - a soft & dense undercoat and a soft & curly outercoat


Physical appearance of Bichon Frises

Bichon Frises have an outer coat covered by curly fur, which is silky to touch. The coat is either pure white or white combined with another shade. Here are all the coat colors of a Bichon Frise:

  • White
  • White and cream
  • White and apricot
  • White and buff

If you have decided to get a Bichon Frise home, you’ll be glad to know that your furry friend will be an absolute delight. Here are some physical characteristics that can help you identify a purebred Bichon Frise:

  • Body covered entirely with curly hair
  • Fluffy tails
  • Striking black eyes and nose
  • Droopy ears, also covered in fur.

Bichon Frise personality traits

The Bichon Frise dog breed has a superb temperament. They are ideal companion dogs, are friendly and affectionate, and enjoy being with their adoptive family. They also have high devotion to their family. Bichon Frises are primarily indoor dogs not particularly suited to living outside. They are also always ready to play, take a walk, or just snuggle up for a cuddle. A breed with a wonderful attitude towards life, they make for ideal companions for all age groups. Bichon Frise dogs also adapt well to other pets if reared with them or introduced to them gradually. They will cope up with both cats and other dogs too.

Do Bichon Frises need training?

It is best to train Bichon Frises in socialization at an early age. They will need basic obedience and potty training. The training will be far easier and more fun for both you and the dog if positive reinforcement is used. You can use reward-based training with dog treats and praises to get your pooch to learn quicker.

How to care for a Bichon Frise?

Here is some information about the breed, so you can know how to take good care of a Bichon Frise:

  • Health issues

Some common health issues that dogs of this breed can suffer from include teeth and gum problems, cataracts (hereditary), ear infections, bladder infections, and luxating patella. Some of the tests you would have to get done for this dog breed are patella and hip evaluation and eye examination.

  • Grooming

Bichon Frises need regular grooming and are not really suitable for people who prefer low maintenance breeds. These dogs require regular brushing and combing (at least every second or third day) and need to be bathed every two to three weeks. There is a misconception that their coats do not shed as they do. The coats appear to not shed because the hair that is shed gets stuck to the undercoat instead of falling out. This is also the main reason why they are considered hypoallergenic. This shed hair needs to be brushed out to prevent uncomfortable tangles. 

  • Physical activity

Though Bichon Frise dogs do not require a lot of exercise, they enjoy regular walks regularly and love to run and play in the backyard. So, they will definitely enjoy going out with you. 

  • Nutritional requirements

Bichon Frises do not have any specific nutritional requirements. They should do well with good quality dog food that contains all the necessary nutrients in right amounts. If you are getting a dog from this breed for the first time, you may want to ask your vet for a Bichon Frise feeding guide. 

A brief history of Bichon Frise dogs

Bichon Frises are believed to have originated from either the Barbet or the water spaniel. It is believed that the breed became popular in several parts of Europe during the 13th century. In the early 16th century, Bichon Frises became popular with the French aristocracy who brought them up as lapdogs. The breed then fell from favor during the French Revolution in the late 18th century. These dogs were then used by organ grinders and other street musicians for performances to earn a living. During World War I, the Bichon Frise almost became extinct, and it was only the dedication of French and Belgian breeders which saved the breed. It was not until 1972 that the American Kennel Club gave the breed proper recognition.

Want to read up on other dog breeds? Our breeds category page has detailed information on different breeds, so you can prepare yourself to adopt a dog.

FAQs on Bichon Frise dog breed

Bichon Frises get along really well with other dogs and even cats.

Bichon Frises are excellent family dogs. They are very loyal, affectionate, and devoted to their adoptive families.

Bichon Frises love being with their owners or family and find it tough to stay alone. However, if trained properly, they can be alone at home for a few hours.

Bichon Frises require regular grooming and are very difficult to groom. Their regular grooming includes brushing or combing every 2-3 days and bathing every 2-3 weeks. They also shed, but their undercoat does not let the hair fall out. So, the hair they shed needs to be brushed out to avoid tangling.

Bichon Frises are not very vocal and do not bark a lot.

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